Keraton Yogyakarta or Yogyakarta Palace became the main symbol that became the identity of Yogyakarta as the center of the Sultanate of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat. Keraton with typical palace architecture in Java is called the best palace building.
The sacredness and splendor of the Ngayogyakarta Palace is clearly visible with the dominant color of white further strengthening the identity of this palace as the center of Yogyakarta’s government at that time.
History of Yogyakarta Palace
The construction of the Palace of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta is inseparable from the existence of the Giyanti treaty in 1775 which divided the two territories of the Mataram Kingdom into two separate regions; Kasunanan Surakarta and the Sultanate of Yogyakarta.
And, Prince Mangkubumi holds the royal throne of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta which is given the title of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I who is also the architect of the Yogyakarta Palace building whose design is recognized by the Dutch as the most magnificent building as well as thick with great Javanese architectural values but still elegant.
The 14,000 square meter palace was built stretching between Kali Code and Kali Winanga. Initially the construction land of the palace was still in the form of a swamp known as Umbul Pachetokan.
The vast swamp was then drained to be built as a palace in which stands buildings and courtyards with various functions.
Keraton itself has the meaning as a place of death of queens who come from the root of the word Karatuan or Keraton. Keraton is also known as Kadaton or Kedatuan which has the same meaning as the place of the queens.
The design of this palace building is one straight line with Mount Merapi and the South Sea, with the central point of the palace being at The Gemuling Taman Sari Well which is where Sri Sultan meditated which is used to meet the Queen of The Kidul Sea, because the passage of Taman Sari is believed to be a translucent road to the South Sea.
Structure of the Palace Building
This north-facing palace building consists of various types of buildings that have different functions with the main center is the existence of a message called Ayodya.
At the front of the palace courtyard or known as the north square, and at the back there is a square or backyard of the palace known as the south square.
On the outside of the palace built walls as wide as 4 meters along 1 square kilometer with a height of up to 4 meters, which on the outside is surrounded by a trench that is quite deep and wide, the long-stretched wall is called beteng.
In all four corners there is a bastion with small holes that are used to monitor the surroundings and to scout the presence of the enemy. And between beteng there is a hallway or road to be used as an arsenal of weapons and ammunition.
On the inside there is a palace hall that serves as a place of pisowanan or grand trial in the middle there is a throne of Sri Sultan facing directly to the palace officials on the left and right sides.
Then there is also the Regol Donopratomo room which is used as a connecting access to the Sri Manganti courtyard to the main courtyard of the palace. This room is guarded by two dwarapala statues named Cingkarabala and Balaupata.
At the core of the palace, there is a residence of Sri Sultan which is also used to receive guests and traditional rituals on the side there are keputren-keputren residences of the sons and daughters of the palace.
Overall, the northern palace building consists of kedaton, kencana ward, Regol Danapratapa or gate, Sri Manganti room, Ponconiti Ward, Siti Inggil, Tarub Agung, Pagelaran.
In the southern part of the palace there are buildings, Kemagangan Ward, Kemandungan Ward and Siti Inggil. As well as a special room that is used as a storage area for heirloom objects belonging to Sri Sultan.
There are five main gates that connect the palace with the outside world called plengkung, namely; Plengkung Tarunasura in the northeast, Plengkung Jogosuro in the southwest, Plengkung Jogoboyo in the west, Plengkung Nirboyo in the south and Plengkung Tambakboyo in the east.
Buildings Around the Palace
Buildings or villages around the palace in ancient times were used as residences for courtiers who were adapted based on their duties at the Yogya Palace. Like; Gandekan which became a village for the courier of the palace.
Then, Wirobrajan which became the residence of wirobrojo soldiers, and Pasindenan which became the residence of the special sinden of the palace.
Symbols in Yogya Palace
The palace building has special symbols that symbolize the nature of human life and advice such as to always surrender to God Almighty, and always apply simple, diligent and careful in carrying out life.
There is also a sculpture on the wall of kemgangan gate and at the door of Gading Mlati in the form of two dragon tails wrapped or known as Java as Dwi Naga Rasa Tunggal which symbolizes the year of the construction of the palace on a count of Javanese years.
Prohibition when visiting Yogya Palace
Because the building is known as the most sacred place in Yogyakarta, tourists are required to be polite and maintain behavior when visiting the Yogya Palace.
It also includes a ban on littering and entering rooms that are prohibited from entering for the general public.
Performances in Keraton Yogyakarta
As entertainment for tourists who visit the Yogya Palace, there are different performances every day, starting from gamelan shows that are routinely performed on Mondays and Tuesdays that start at 10:00.
Then on Wednesday there is a puppet show golek which starts at 09.00 am. Then on Thursday and Sunday there is a performance of paradise like a dance to welcome guests of honor.
Palace Opening Hours
Every day except Friday, the palace manager opens service hours from 09.00 – 14.00. On Fridays, the palace is only open until 11:00.
Keraton Entrance Ticket
Visitors who want to enter the Yogya Palace are charged a rate of (IDR) Rp. 7 thousand per person, and (IDR) Rp. 12,500 for foreign tourists.
Amenities of Keraton
Besides being able to enjoy historical attractions of the palace, there are also facilities such as souvenir shops including the services of tour guides.
How to get to Yogya Palace
There are many accesses to go to The Yogya Palace because it is located in the center of Yogyakarta city, Yogyakarta province, Indonesia, so that many public transportation serves the route to the palace.